History of Muhammad

Muhammad whose prophetic teachings encompassing political and social religious, civil, commercial, military, and legal codes are said to be revelations that came to him, from Allah, through an angel.  His followers, as it is now, compiled the collection, a few years after his death in 632 AD.  An authorized version was first produced in the early 650s by a group of Arabic scholars under Uthman Ibn Affan (575-656).  These scholars destroyed variant copies, some of which are now accepted.

Muhammad was born in Mecca in 570 AD.  He belonged to a poor, but respected clan of Hashim.  His father died before he was born, and after his mother’s death, when he was six, his uncle Abu Talib raised him.  He became a trader like his fellow tribesmen.  He traveled to Syria, as a trader where he may have met and conversed with many Christians and Jews. 

He married a rich widow, Khadija, and managed her business until the age of 25.  He became increasingly troubled by the Christian and Jewish faith.  It was during a retreat, while he was in meditation, that he claims to have had a vision where the archangel, Gabriel, proclaimed him to be a Prophet of God.  He eventually began to preach in public, reciting the verses of his revelation, which came to be known as the Koran. 

Muhammad proclaimed his own message, the Koran, to be the last revealed Holy Book from God and himself to be the last of the Prophets, consummating and superseding the earlier ones. 

Muhammad insisted on the necessity of social reform, and advocated improving the lot of slaves, orphans, women, and the poor.  He also sought to replace tribal loyalties with the fellowship of Islamic faith. He accomplished this through war, torture and acts of violence, thus eliminating his enemies tribe by tribe.

His wife and his uncle, who was his protector, both died in 619 AD.
Further attempts of conversion met with resistance.  He was asked by a delegation from Yathrib (Medina) to arbitrate a feud in their city.  He accepted and asked his followers to emigrate from Mecca to Medina with him.  His exodus from Mecca came just in time, as his enemies were plotting to murder him.  After Muhammad arrived in Medina he was soon given a great deal of authority. 

The Meccans, however, persisted in their hostility toward Muhammad and demanded that both he and his followers be extradited. War eventually came and Muhammad came up with a strategy for attacking Meccan trade caravans returning from Syria.  These attacks weakened the city and eventually brought victory to Muhammad.  He continued to eliminate his enemies, within Medina, by expelling Jewish tribes and massacred all the males, of the remaining tribes, that he believed were collaborating with his enemies.  By 630 AD the Meccans were a conquered people and submitted to Muhammad’s rule.  Tribes came from all over Arabia and were soon converted to Islam.

At the age of 50, Muhammad took nine wives.  One of these wives was nine-year-old child named Aisha.  All of Muhammad’s sons died in infancy, and only one of his daughters, named Fatima, would survive.  Muhammad himself died in Medina on June 8th 632 AD.  He died as a result of being poisoned following the conquest of the Jewish settlement of Khaibar.  A Jewish woman who prepared dinner for Muhammad, and some of his followers, poisoned parts of a lamb that were Muhammad’s favorite (some accounts say sheep or a goat) parts to be eaten. Muhammad ate some of the poisoned lamb, and by all accounts; claim that he died as a result from the poisoned lamb three years later.  Muhammad said that the bone of the lamb told him it was poised but only after he had eaten of it and spit it out.  Bishr Ibn Al-bara who was dining with Muhammad continued to eat and died as a result of the poison. The Jewish woman told Muhammad she had poisoned the lamb to see if he was really a Prophet.  She thought that if he was a Prophet, no harm would come to him, but if he were only a mere King, the people would be relieved of him forever.

Muhammad suffered from the pain until he died.  He attempted several treatments to rid himself of the poison and from the pain.  His Uncle Abbas treated him with medicine from Ethiopia.  He tried water treatments (washing and soaking in tubs).  His last attempt was cupping, (essentially drawing small amounts of blood from your body).  From a dream he had the mother of Bishr Ibn Al-bara visited him and she told him that he had pleurisy. 

His followers began to embellish the story of his life with mythology.  His remarkable abilities and personality are demonstrated by the rapid expansion of Islam throughout the world.  Muhammad’s teachings had to over come the traditional idolatry and tribal jealousies of the Arabs and their powerful leaders.

The Bible vs. The Qur’an

Both Christianity and Islam express the theistic world view.  Theism affirms the existence of one transcendent and personal God who created and is involved with the world from which he is distinct.

The Qur’an, or Koran, ,as it is sometimes referred to, was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad over a period of 23 years.  He was forty years old when one night towards the end of the month of Ramadar an angel came to visit him and announced that God had chosen him as His messenger to mankind.  The entire Qur’an was written down in the lifetime of the Prophet, and numerous companions of the Prophet memorized the entire Qur’an word-for-word as it was revealed to Muhammad.  Seventy five percent of the Qur’an has originated from the Bible even though many of the facts have changed considerably.

The Bible was written hundreds of years before the Koran and has been preserved without corruption.  Jesus himself held the Old Testament to be without error.  There is an unbroken chain of reliable testimony from the closest disciples of Jesus to Christians today that the Bible we possess is the authentic Word of God.

The Qur’an teaches human beings that they were created in order to worship God, and that the basis of all true worship is God-consciousness.

The Bible teaches that the purpose of life for the Christians is to glorify God and to enjoy him forever.  Christian fellowship with the Almighty God is unique only to the God of the Bible.

The Qur’an teaches that Jesus was not divine but only a great Prophet of God and a faultless human being, second to Muhammad.  Muslims teach that the term “Son of God” cannot have a literal interpretation:  Son-ship and divine nature would be two attributes which are incomparable, because son-ship describes someone who receives life while divine nature describes someone who receives life from no one.  To be a son is to be less than divine and to be divine is to be no one’s son.

The Bible teaches that Jesus Christ is the son of God.  However, this does not make him a separate god, because he says that he is also part of God at the same time.  Jesus promised his apostles that He would leave them the Holy Spirit when He returned to His Father who sent Him.  The Bible teaches that Jesus was sent by Almighty God for a sacrifice to redeem mankind from the sentence of death inherited from Adam and Eve.  Jesus was a part of God’s spirit in the flesh. 

The Qur’an teaches that all worship and prayer must be directed to Almighty God alone.

The Bible teaches that all worship and glory  goes to Almighty God, the Alpha and Omega and acknowledges His beloved Son Jesus as our Savior and Redeemer.

The Qur’an teaches that Muhammad was God’s final Prophet.

The Bible warns to beware of  false Prophets and if they teach anything different from what Jesus and his Apostles taught to flee from them.

The Qur’an teaches the only way to paradise is to obey the laws of the Koran and do good..

The Bible teaches the way to eternal life with God is to accept Jesus as your personal savior for He freely gave His life for you and was sent by God for your salvation.  Good works alone will never get you to heaven.

The Qur’an speaks of an incident in Mary’s childhood.  (Chapter 3 Verse 37).

The Bible makes no mention of any of Mary’s childhood.

The Qur’an altered Biblical stories: 

In the Old Testament story of Joseph, the Qur’an version makes the story sound far more like a fanciful legend than the actual story in the Bible..

The Qur’an says that King Solomon was given the power to control the wind. (Chapter 21 verse 81).

The Qur’an says that King Solomon  had been taught the language of birds. Chapter 27 verse 16-44).

In the Qur’an the biblical story of queen of Sheba was altered as well.

The Qur’an claims that when Adam, the first ever man, was created, the angels were made to do obeisance to him (chapter 7 verse 11).

The Qur’an narrates a story about Moses, the like of which isn’t even in the Bible.  It is related that Moses was actually put in the river and then washed up on shore, and after that he was taken in by Pharaoh (chapter20).  It says that it had been preordained that baby Moses would not breast feed from any foster mother. (chapter 28).  In verse 7 Allah had assured Moses’ mother beforehand that he would be brought back to her.

The Qur’an teaches to smite the necks of the unbelievers (chapter 47:4).

The Bible teaches to love your enemy;  turn the other check;  that vengeance belongs to the Lord;  to love your neighbor as you love yourself;  to preach the miracle at the cross and love of God;  to pray from your heart (not repetition of prayer);  to walk with God in thought, word, and deed; to bring the light to the nations through love and kindness so by their fruits they will know the truth. The desire of the Christian is that the truth will set them free.

 Conclusion

It is said that the Qur’an was written with such perfect and beautiful poetry that poets ceased writing because they could not ever write anything as beautiful.

In reading the Qur’an you will find that it is repetitious, threatening and that many of the stories resemble those of the Bible but have been altered.

Muhammad was not able to read or write but the Bible was around for hundreds of years and one could assume that he would have had to hear of the wonderful stories and teachings that were known to the Jews and Christians.

The Qur’an tells of the stories of Abraham, Isaac and Jesus.  It also acknowledges the virgin birth of Mary, the mother of Jesus, but it discredits many of the other Bible accounts. 

Why do Muslims accept the virgin birth of Jesus yet deny his divinity?  Why would they think Muhammad was a higher Prophet than Jesus when Muhammad himself claimed he was just a messenger from God?  How can they accept the birth, life, death, and resurrection of Christ when they deny him being anything more than a man? 

If the Qur’an teaches that Jesus was put to death for blasphemy. (Which was claiming that he had the attributes and rights of God) why would they acknowledge him as a Prophet at all when they believe that Allah is the only one to receive all praise?  Shouldn’t they completely discredit Jesus for blasphemy.   Jesus did not imply, as the teachers of the Qur’an say, that his statements were implicit about who he was.  He made it very clear who he was, why he was here, and where he was going.  In looking up the link under “teaching”,  “The Great I am”, there are many scriptures from the Bible that will attest to that.

The Qur’an is not an inspired book from God.  If the Qur’an were true and had merit wouldn’t it make the Bible null and void?  The Bible has never been discredited of being an inspired book of God.  If you look up the link under “Was the Bible Preserved Without Corruption,” you can read the history of the Bible. Regardless of how many followers Muhammad continues to have he is not a Prophet of God.

The Bible says:  (Gallatians 1:6-9 )” I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting the one who called you by the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel – which is really no gospel at all.  Evidently some people are throwing you into confusion and are trying to pervert the gospel of Christ.  But even is we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel other than the one we preached to you let him be eternally condemned.  As we have already said, so now I say again:  If anybody is preaching to you a gospel other than what you accepted, let him be eternally condemned.” (NIV)

There are millions of Muslims who follow the Qur’an and Muhammad but it is only because they do not have religious freedom and they do not have the Bible to read.  If they would, and could seek the truth, praise be to God, they would find it