The Roman Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation which teaches that when the priest pronounces the words, “This is my body”, and “This is my blood”; the bread and the wine before him on the altar become the actual body and blood of Christ in everything but taste, color, and texture. Jesus taught in parables and figures of speech. The bread was his body that would be broken, and the wine, was the blood that would be spilled. A body cannot be in two places at once. So Thomas Aquinas devised a rather contrived and artificial solution from the philosophy of Aristotle, to this wholly unnecessary question. A body, it was said, has an inner or essential nature, which is the same at all times and in all places. It also has certain properties or “accidents” such as color, texture and taste which vary in different places. Thomas argued that when the priest says the words of consecration the whole substance (essence) of the bread change into the substance of the body of Christ, while the accidents, (the taste, texture, color) of the bread remain as they were before, and the accidents of Christ’s body remain in heaven. During the Reformation the non-believers of transubstantiation were burned as heretics. In that Last Supper Jesus intended that we should thankfully remember his death on the cross for us, and as we receive the bread and wine we should by faith receive the benefits of his sacrificial death.
(1 Corinthians 11:24-26) “And when he had given thanks, he broke it and said “This is my body, which is for you: do this in remembrance of me.” In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, “This cup is the new covenant: in my blood do this, whenever you drink it- in remembrance of me.” For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.